While the legislation has received increased attention after the recent shootings at Newtown, Connecticut, the bill was introduced in February
You are facing charges punishable by a permanent criminal record, fines, and jail time, and an unfavorable outcome can have lifelong consequences. Representing yourself without an attorney is called going "pro se" or latin for "on one's own behalf.
They have to read and understand the accusatory instrument filed against them, review discovery paperwork which includes complaint and arrest reports, file suppression motions, and prepare for suppression hearings and trial without a lawyer.
Judges hold pro se defendants to the same standard as an experienced attorney so if a pro se defendant fogets to file a motion by the deadline or forgets to make an objection, his or her right to do so could be lost forever.
Judge reviews evidence summarized by the Prosecutor to determine if probable cause exists for believing a suspect committed a crime Also, Judge informs the suspect of charges and their constitutional rights, reviews the issue of bail, and appoints counsel for a suspect who cannot afford to pay. Colin Ferguson (born January 14, ) is an American mass murderer who was convicted of murdering six people and injuring nineteen others on the Long Island Rail Road in Garden City, New York, on December 7, Colin Ferguson - The Long Island Railroad gunman The Long-Island Railroad Murder - "Black Rage" or "So Crazy He Thinks He's Sane?" On December 7, , Colin Ferguson marched up the aisle of a crowded, evening rush-hour Long Island Railroad car, shooting the passengers as the train pulled into the Merillion Avenue station.
Some defendants disregard this advice and go pro se. Colin Ferguson was born in Jamaica in When he was 20 years old he lost his father in a car crash and his mother to cancer.
When he later moved to the US he was troubled by personal problems and became increasing frustrated with the lack of job opportunities available to him. That frustration culminated in when he decided to purchase a gun and open fire at random on the LIRR emptying two 15 round magazines.
|NYC Criminal Defense Attorney||Originally Posted by TimTheEnchanter The two most interesting arguments against the death penalty by its opponents are 1 It costs too much and 2 It is cruel to keep someone on death row so long. It is like the classic definition of chutzpah, the man who murders his parents and then asks the court for mercy because he is an orphan.|
|People from Long Island||By the time passengers tackled Colin Fergusonhis fusillade had left six people dead and 19 wounded.|
For three minutes he randomly shot and killed 6 people and injured 19 others. Prior to his trial, he agreed to be represented by two prominent attorneys, William Kunstler and Ron Kuby. They proposed an innovative defense that Ferguson had been driven to temporary insanity by a psychiatric condition and therefore could not be held criminally liable for his actions even though he had committed the killings.
Ferguson, however, claimed that he was not insane, rejected his lawyers' proposed defense, and decided to go pro se. One of Ferguson's attorneys commented that "Without a psychiatric defense, Ferguson has no defense…What we will have now is a complete circus.
He is currently serving a sentence of years to life. What the LIRR massacre illustrates is that understanding and knowing how to use various criminal law concepts, such as the burden of proof, proof beyond a reasonable doubt, and the rules of evidence is not easy.
Here is an outline of a few concepts: Burden of proof is the obligation of one party to prove its allegations at trial. In criminal law, anyone charged with a crime is presumed to be innocent. Therefore, the burden of proving a defendant guilty rests with the prosecution to prove all of the elements of the charges beyond a reasonable doubt.
Proof beyond a reasonable doubt is the legal standard of evidence that is required in order to convict you in criminal court. Juries and judges are instructed to apply this legal standard in determining your guilt or innocence.
It means that the facts being presented to the trier of fact by the government the prosecution must be proven to such an extent that there is no reasonable doubt in the mind of a reasonable person that you are guilty of the charges alleged. To combat this, defense attorneys call cross examine eyewitnesses and police officers, present evidence, and call their own witnesses.
In any court proceeding in the New York, there are certain rules of evidence that have to be followed by attorneys on both sides.
For example, there are rules as to what is relevant evidence in a criminal trial, rules on using out of court statements called "hearsay" statements, authenticity of exhibits and pieces of evidence, and so on.
If you choose to go pro se, you'll have to learn these rules as well. A criminal conviction will result in a permanent record with the possibility of jail or prison time. Some people choose to represent themselves for reasons such as it is cost effective, they weren't happy with their prior lawyer, or they think it won't matter.
Unfortunately, it often does matter. Under the 6th Amendment, "In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right…to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defense. You shouldn't waive that right because quite simply, representing yourself may prevent you from achieving the best possible outcome on your case." On December 7, , Colin Ferguson a year-old Jamaican immigrant opened fire on the helpless commuters aboard a Long Island Railroad commuter train, killing six Format: VHS Tape.
The massacre of Huguenots in the St.
Bartholomew's Day Massacre. The slaughter of the civilian population of Avaricum by the Roman army under Julius Caesar. Colin Ferguson (LIRR Massacre; USA, ) Kenneth French, Jr (North Carolina, USA - ) Baruch Goldstein (Hebron, ).
This one-hour special presentation brings viewers into the aisles of the LIRR train where gunman Colin Ferguson opened fire upon the innocent victims trapped on their rush hour commute home from. Shooting . On December 7, , Colin Ferguson purchased a ticket for the p.m.
eastbound train at the Flatbush Avenue station in regardbouddhiste.com train stopped at the Jamaica station in regardbouddhiste.comon boarded the third car of the eastbound Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) commuter train from Penn Station to Hicksville, along with more than 80 other passengers. BROOKLYN'S MOST WANTED: The Top Criminals, Crooks and Creeps from the County of the Kings - Kindle edition by Craig McGuire.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading BROOKLYN'S MOST WANTED: The Top Criminals, Crooks and Creeps from the County of the Kings.
(Silver Spring, MD) — In the 20 years since the Long Island Railroad Massacre, an entire generation has lived in the era of mass murder — Columbine, Virginia Tech, and Sandy Hook.