Chapter 6Clinical Reasoning, Decisionmaking, and Action: Patricia Benner;1 Ronda G. Clinical reasoning and judgment are examined in relation to other modes of thinking used by clinical nurses in providing quality health care to patients that avoids adverse events and patient harm. The expert performance of nurses is dependent upon continual learning and evaluation of performance.
They provide mental health services, such as diagnosis and counseling, advocate for clients who are unable to do so themselves, provide direct care services, such as housing assistance and help clients obtain social services benefits.
The ability to remain open-minded and unbiased while gathering and interpreting data, otherwise known as critical thinking, is crucial for helping clients to the fullest extent possible.
In fact, according to Nadia Islam, a social work professor at the University of Southern California School of Social Work, critical thinking is one of the top five skills required to be a successful social worker. Critical thinking in social work means that you are able to look at a person or situation from an objective and neutral standpoint, without jumping to conclusions or making assumptions.
You obtain as much data as possible from interviews, case notes, observations, research, supervision and other means, to assemble a plan of action to help your clients to the highest level possible, without allowing your own biases or prejudices to interfere.
Importance Critical thinking is important for the Critical thinking help of social work skills in direct practice. Social workers help people from all walks of life and come across people or populations with experiences, ideas and opinions that often vary from their own. To formulate a treatment plan or intervention for working with a client, you need to first consider the beliefs, thoughts or experiences that underlie your client's actions without making a snap judgment.
What seems crazy or irrational to you at first may in fact be better understood in the context of the biopsychosocial factors that play a role in your client's life. Critical thinking helps you objectively examine these factors, consider their importance and impact on your course of action, while simultaneously maintaining professional detachment and a non-biased attitude.
Interrelated Skills In order to develop critical thinking skills as a social worker, you need to have the ability to self-reflect and observe your own behaviors and thoughts about a particular client or situation. According to Professor Islam, self-awareness, observation and critical thinking are closely intertwined and impact your ability to be an effective social worker.
For example, observing your gut reactions and initial responses to a client without immediately taking action can help you identify transference and counter-transference reactions, which can have a negative or harmful impact on your client.
This is particularly important when working with clients who have very different or very similar backgrounds and beliefs to your own. You don't want your abilities to be clouded by your own preconceived notions or biases.
Likewise, you don't want to merge with a client with whom you over-identify because you come from very similar situations or have had similar experiences.
Supervision All social workers should engage in professional supervision to help encourage and develop critical thinking abilities. According to the Administration for Children and Families, clinical supervision not only encourages critical thinking, it also helps you develop other important social work skills, such as maintaining positive social work ethics, self-reflection and the ability to intervene in crisis situations.
Many, if not most, social work settings require or, at least offer, the opportunity to participate in peer, individual or group supervision. Discussing your cases or clients with a supervisor or with colleagues can help you sort out your own opinions and judgments and prevent these issues from impacting your work.The Value of Critical Thinking in Nursing + Examples.
Clinical skills in nursing are obviously important, but critical thinking is at the core of being a good nurse.. Critical thinking skills are very important in the nursing field because they are what you use to prioritize and make key decisions that can save lives.
Nurses give critical care 24/7, so the critical thinking skills of nurses. With critical thinking is the critical thinking can always more critical thinking skills and remain open minded to help us acquire knowledge and postgraduate.
Reflecting . The Critical Thinking Company publishes PreK+ books and software to develop critical thinking in core subject areas. Critical thinking skills can't guarantee your survival, but can help you engage in a more deliberate thought process.
You can ask yourself these questions to help promote your own critical thinking process. There are other questions you might ask, such as questions to help with evaluating sources.
Once you understand the theory of critical thinking, improving your critical thinking skills takes persistence and practice. Try this simple exercise to help you to start thinking critically. Think of something that someone has recently told you.
Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.