A daguerreotype uses a silver or silver-coated-copper plate to develop an image in a camera obscura. The image is formed when the light-sensitive plate is exposed to light through a camera lens. A daguerreotype was a unique, direct positive image that could not produce copies.
Globalization and Ideal Landscapes Globalization is a broad term that has several meanings to different factions, cultural Groups and nations. For our purposes globalization refers to the loss of time and space through the rapid development of technologies.
It also refers to a world in which all nations and peoples are directly or indirectly connected through the international economy and world politics. This rapid trend toward a globalized world has seen supporters from both the first world financial sectors and the mass producing agricultural sector.
Its main detractors have been environmentalists and the indigenous peoples who are adversely affected by the encroaching nature of globalism.
Environmentalists have pointed to environmental degradation and the loss of valuable and naturally sustainable landscapes as the main argument against globalization. However, champions for continued globalization insist that growing populations and the desire to live the comfortable first world lifestyle force economies and people to expand into landscapes that have historically remained diverse, safe, and sustainable.
The difficult task facing the human race in the next century will be finding the delicate balance that must exist between continued population and economic growth and the protection and preservation of natural and ideal landscapes.
The global era involves the mass production and consumption of consumer goods and commercial services. This New World also has to have elaborate and extensive means of distribution to support the flow of goods and services across great distances.
Modern advancements in telecommunications, aerospace, satellite, and computer technologies have all greatly facilitated the movement of goods, services, information and ideas in minute amount of time. The disappearance of time and spatial limitations is the nature of the globalized world we live in today.
World economies are the probably the greatest contributing factor to the destruction of ideal landscapes. Historically, economies have been the main cause of landscape modification.
European colonization and the drive to find raw materials and new markets led to massive landscape makeovers on every continent except Antarctica.
For example the European expansion into the Americas led to a dramatic change in the landscape. When the Europeans arrived, North America was a thick forest of woodland. In order for the colonists to survive an incentive existed for landscape modification including woodland clearance for agriculture.
Over hundreds of years and advances in technology and populations, North American boreal forests have been significantly destroyed severely depleting the number of species and the overall biodiversity. Another biodiverse and sustainable ideal landscape that has been recently hampered by the negative aspects of globalization are the Brazilian rain forests.
The economic pressures of the world's corporations to find more land to encroach have seen the destruction of millions of acres of valuable rain forest.
Another problem facing the rain forests is from its own indigenous people. Their lack of agricultural knowledge including soil preservation, erosion and turnover has led to harmful farming tactics like slash and burn.
This has caused the loss of biodiversity and has decreased the long-term sustainability of the rain forests. Fortunately, the human race has developed enough to realize that the destruction of these ideal landscapes across the world will eventually have an adverse effect upon humans themselves.
Advancements in technology, medicine, and communications have created a medium for landscape conservation.What do geography degrees cover? The geography topics you cover will largely depend on whether you’ve opted for a degree focused on physical geography or human geography, though at undergraduate (bachelor’s) level it is often possible to cover aspects of .
On the one hand, there is an insistence on the preservation of an ideal wilderness untouched by civilization, while on the other is the lawn—nature utterly dominated by civilization, an industrial product in many ways.
Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis: University Of Minnesota Press. Appleton, Jay. Landscape, and. The history curriculum covers the globe.
Most courses focus on particular regions or nations, but offerings also include courses that transcend geographical boundaries to examine subjects such as African diasporas, Islamic radicalism, or European influences on US intellectual history.
Globalization and Ideal Landscapes Globalization is a broad term that has several meanings to different factions, cultural Groups and nations. For our purposes globalization refers to the loss of time and space through the rapid development of technologies. Cartier and Lew’s interesting and informative book explores contemporary issues in travel and tourism and human geography, and the complex cultural, political, and economic activities at stake in touristed landscapes as a result of globalization.
Anthropology offers the opportunity to study human existence in the present and the past and to explore how and why humans vary in their behaviors, cultures and biology.