Contact Author Introduction Liberalism and conservatism have been the most important ideologies to influence American politics.
In regard to the history of American communism the essay demonstrates a significant shift by two major left historians; but in regard to the history of American anticommunism, however, little has changed.
The two issues are inextricably mixed and as welcome as movement on the first matter is, the immobility on the second shows the still yawning gap between their perspective and mine.
Isserman and Schrecker are leading figures of the revisionist view of American communism that has dominated academic history from the s to the late s. To the extent the issue was even addressed, and often it was not, the CPUSA as an institution was judged as not involved in Soviet espionage and, at most, only a few individual Communists cooperated with Soviet intelligence.
Revisionists treated most of those accused in the late s and s of participation in Soviet espionage as innocents maligned by wicked perjurers egged on by American security agencies eager to frame Communists for crimes they did not commit. Schrecker and Isserman recognize that the evidence that has emerged since the collapse of the USSR has rendered this view untenable.
This is to their credit in as much as too many historians, including leading figures in the profession and its chief journals, corrupted by a combination of ideological myopia and partisanship along with a measure of incompetence, have averted their eyes and pretended that the new evidence changes nothing.
For better and worse-- it was the vehicle through which hundreds of thousands of Americans sought to create a more democratic and egalitarian society. Most party members lived in that public world of American communism.
They had no connection with, or even knowledge of, another world. From the party's inception, several hundred thousand Americans have joined out of a deeply felt belief in the necessity of overturning America's economic and political order and establishing a new society based on Marxism-Leninism.
In her Many Are the Crimes: They insist that we "reduce the entire history of That aside, Isserman and Schrecker's new position is a major advance over the "uncritical filiopietism," to use their own term, that too often permeated the revisionist version of the history of American communism.
There still remain, however, issues both of fact and interpretation regarding the history of American communism that Schrecker and Isserman avoid confronting.
The factual issues that need to be directly addressed are several, of which only a partial listing includes the following. The CPUSA's abandonment of hundreds probably more than a thousand of former members who had emigrated to the USSR in the s and early s and who fell victim to Stalin's terror in the mids, either secretly executed or imprisoned in the Gulag.
This abandonment was more than the passive act of pretending it didn't happen but actively justifying the purges and seeking to discredit those who tried to tell the truth. The party's practice of sending infiltrators into rival organizations of both the left and right in order to manipulate or disrupt their activities.
The party's use of its members who were college faculty and students to harass faculty who actively supported Trotsky, and its use of its influence in liberal advocacy groups to deny forums and lecture venues to those did not accept the party's views on Trotsky.
The party's use of its adherents in trade unions to support the party's political tactics and adjusting collective bargaining goals to conform to party political strategy.
Confronting these facts also requires an assessment of what it says about the nature of the Communist party and of Communists themselves.Roosevelt a Liberal and Hoover a Conservative Essay Words | 5 Pages.
Roosevelt a Liberal and Hoover a Conservative Thesis: Because the Great Depression quickly changed America's view of liberalism, Roosevelt can be considered a liberal and Hoover a conservative, despite occasionally supporting similar policies.
Apr 03, · In this essay, the ideologies of liberalism and conservatism will be compared and contrasted in historical perspective by looking at these three areas: freedom, human nature, and the Reviews: 7.
Essay on Liberalism and Conservatism Words | 3 Pages. Liberalism and Conservatism Liberalism and conservatism have been political ideas and thoughts from the very birth of our democracy.
Return to Responses, Reflections and Occasional Papers // Return to Historical Writings. Reflections on Ellen Schrecker and Maurice Isserman's essay, "The Right's Cold War Revision".
Liberalism and Conservatism. In an essay focusing on the liberal differences it would be silly to present conservatism as a unified ideology.
Nov 27, · American Conservatism. Liberalism (politics) Newspapers. Politics of the United States of America. Among large US Newspapers, which are considered conservative and which are considered liberal?
There are very few conservative papers, but they do not have nearly as big a readership as the liberal papers. The same goes for the other media.