Its picturesque passengers, divided into three classes under the deck, covered from rich, important functionaries and landowners; to young people of humble origins who traveled to the colonies searching a future that the old France was not able to assure. In other words, the transoceanic ship was sort of a human zoo, a circus with so many actors that nobody noticed the presence of a middle age man with a powerful moustache, who spent the endless hours sitting on the deck, gazing into the horizon. Nevertheless, that anonymous personage who occupied one of the humble third-class cabins was not an ordinary passenger.
Creation myths[ edit ] There are many different accounts of the creation of the earth from the Mesopotamian region.
This is because of the many different cultures in the area and the shifts in narratives that are common in ancient cultures due to their reliance Mythology past and present essay word of mouth to transmit stories.
These myths can share related themes, but the chronology of events vary based on when or where the story was written down. Atra-Hasis[ edit ] See main article: Its most complete surviving version was recorded in Akkadian. The myth begins with humans being created by the mother goddess Mami to lighten the gods' workload.
She made them out of a mixture of clay, flesh, and blood from a slain god. Later in the story though, the god Enlil attempts to control overpopulation of humans through various methods, including famine, drought, and finally, a great flood.
Humankind is saved by Atrahasis, who was warned of the flood by the god Enki and built a boat to escape the waters, eventually placating the gods with sacrifices. Sumerian Creation Myth Eridu Gensis has a similar plot to that of the Akkadian myth, Atra-Hasis, though it is harder to tell what happens exactly in Eridu Gensis because the tablet upon which it was recorded is badly damaged.
The two stories share the flood as the major event however, although the hero who survives in Eridu Gensis is called Zi-ud-sura instead of Artahasis. Eridu Gensis was recorded around the same time as Atra-Hasis, however the fragmented tablet that held it was found in Nippurlocated in modern-day east Iraqwhile the version of Atra-hasis that came from the same time was found in the library of Ashurbanipal, in modern-day north Iraq.
Enuma Elis Enuma Elis also spelled Enuma Elish is a Babylonian creation myth with an unclear composition, though it possibly dates back to the Bronze Age.
This piece was thought to be recited in a ritual celebration of the Babylonian new year. It chronicles the birth of the gods, the world, and man, whose purpose was to serve the gods and lighten their work load. Heroic epics[ edit ] These stories tended to focus on a great hero, following their journey through trials or simply important events in their life.
Stories like these can be found in many different cultures around the world, and often give insight into the values of those societies. For example, in a culture that celebrated a hero that was devout to the gods or respecting their father, it can be inferred that the society valued those traits.
Epic of Gilgamesh[ edit ] Main article: Epic of Gilgamesh The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the most well known Mesopotamian myths, and is often regarded as the oldest known piece of literature in the world.
It was initially a number of individual short stories, and was not combined into one cohesive epic until the 18th century. The second half of the epic deal with Gilgamesh, distressed about the death of his friend and his own impending mortality, as he searches for immortality. In the end he fails, but he comes to terms with the fact that he is eventually going to die and returns to his city of Uruk a wiser king.
Adapa The earliest record of myth of Adapa is from the 14th century. Adapa was a Sumerian citizen who was blessed by the god Enki with immeasurable intelligence.
Adapa was summoned to be judged by Anand before he left Enki warned him not to eat or drink anything offered to him. However, An had a change of heart when he realized just how smart Adapa was, and offered him the food of immortality, which Adapa, dutiful to Enki, turned down.
No matter the version of the story, the man who survives the flood, whether Atrahasis, Zi-ud-sura, or Utnapishtim, is granted immortality by the gods. This character then makes a reappearance in the Epic of Gilgamesh, when Gilgamesh is searching for immortality after coming to fear death and the underworld after hearing stories from his friend, Enkidu, about what awaits humanity after death.
On entering the House of Dust, everywhere I looked there were royal crowns gathered in heaps, everywhere I listened, it was the bearers of crowns, who, in the past, had ruled the land, but who now served Anu and Enlil cooked meats, served confections, and poured cool water from waterskins.
Immortality is also touched on in the myth of Adapa. When they get too be too numerous, loud, or otherwise bothersome, the gods attempt to control the population through plagues, droughts, and most famously, the great flood.
This disregard for human life emphasizes the hierarchy that existed in the Mesopotamian consciousness, with humans existing as subjects to the will of the gods. Sources[ edit ] Modern understanding of Mesopotamian mythology has been provided through archeological excavations of West Asia and the recovery of many stone and clay tablets, some of which contained the records of many myths.
There have been different versions of each myth found in various locations across the region, with inconsistencies between each but maintaining overall common themes and narratives.
These versions were written in different languages, including Akkadian, Sumerianand Old Babylonian, and were often translated from one to another, leading to further inconsistencies due to the inherently imperfect nature of these translations.People used mythology in order to connect the past, present and future in a very specific form, as it was a generation patrimony, myths were handed down to leave an experience, knowledge stored, values adhered and cultural heritage for .
The essays on this site, a complement to my blog regardbouddhiste.com, offer an introduction to the main themes and issues in the study of American myths, as I see them..
The United States is a very real place, a political state full of very real land, people, things, resources, and much more. Imagine you have been asked to write an essay on any event in US or European history. You choose the topic, write a good essay, submit it and fail to get the highest regardbouddhiste.com, what’s the problem?
Your essay has no mistakes, it does have a coherent structure, introduction, and conclusion. Essays about America's national myths in the past, present, and future — by Ira Chernus. World mythology from Godchecker - the legendary mythology encyclopedia.
Your guide to the World gods, spirits, demons and legendary monsters. Our unique mythology dictionary includes original articles, pictures, facts and information from Meet weird and wonderful gods from around the world with Godchecker's famous Holy Database.
Entertaining accounts of legends and myths from classical and. The life and works of Paul Gauguin in Tahiti and the Marquises. by G. Fernández - regardbouddhiste.com In the spring of , an elegant and comfortable ship called Océanien crosses the Indic Ocean en route to the French colonies in New Caledonia.
Its picturesque passengers, divided into three classes under the deck, covered from rich, important functionaries and landowners; to young people of.