Ethical Considerations Ethical Considerations The purpose of this module is to overview ethical issues that should be considered when designing and conducting research.
Artistic research[ edit ] The controversial trend of artistic teaching becoming more academics-oriented is leading to artistic research being accepted as the primary mode of enquiry in art as in the case of other disciplines.
As such, it is similar to the social sciences in using qualitative research and intersubjectivity as tools to apply measurement and critical analysis. It is based on artistic practices, methods, and criticality. Through presented documentation, the insights gained shall be placed in a context.
This may be factual, historical, or background research. Background research could include, for example, geographical or procedural research.
Patricia Leavy addresses eight arts-based research ABR genres: Documentary research Steps in conducting research[ edit ] Research is often conducted using the hourglass model structure of research. The major steps in conducting research are: Often, a literature review is conducted in a given subject area before a research question is identified.
A gap in the current literature, as identified by a researcher, then engenders a research question. The research question may be parallel to the hypothesis.
The hypothesis is the supposition to be tested. The researcher s collects data to test the hypothesis.
The researcher s then analyzes and interprets the data via a variety of statistical methods, engaging in what is known as empirical research. The results of the data analysis in rejecting or failing to reject the null hypothesis are then reported and evaluated.
At the end, the researcher may discuss avenues for further research. However, some researchers advocate for the reverse approach: The reverse approach is justified by the transactional nature of the research endeavor where research inquiry, research questions, research method, relevant research literature, and so on are not fully known until the findings have fully emerged and been interpreted.
Rudolph Rummel says, " It is only when a range of tests are consistent over many kinds of data, researchers, and methods can one have confidence in the results. Maurice Hilleman is credited with saving more lives than any other scientist of the 20th century.
This process takes three main forms although, as previously discussed, the boundaries between them may be obscure: Exploratory researchwhich helps to identify and define a problem or question.
Constructive researchwhich tests theories and proposes solutions to a problem or question. Empirical researchwhich tests the feasibility of a solution using empirical evidence. There are two major types of empirical research design: Researchers choose qualitative or quantitative methods according to the nature of the research topic they want to investigate and the research questions they aim to answer: Qualitative research This involves understanding human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior, by asking a broad question, collecting data in the form of words, images, video etc that is analyzed, and searching for themes.
This type of research aims to investigate a question without attempting to quantifiably measure variables or look to potential relationships between variables.Ethics in Research and Publication - This website is a comprehensive set of resources that are helpful in learning examining and learning about ethical issues in research.
|Benefits of Maintaining Confidentiality:||Jamie LoveSalon. But for areas such as health, patents can also restrict access to medicines for those who cannot afford them.|
|IAP || Book || Managing Social and Ethical Issues in Organizations||A volume in the series: Research in Social Issues in Management.|
|Stem Cell Research||Information Page About the Series The purpose of the series is to explore the central and unique role of organizational ethics in creating and sustaining a pluralistic, free enterprise economy.|
The site contains webcasts, PDFs, examples, links . Table 2. Ethical, Legal and Social Issues (ELSI) Research Program, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health: ELSI research areas identified as “grand challenges” for the future of genomic research. A number of challenging ethical issues are raised by a potential influenza pandemic.
Ethical concerns associated with the planning, preparedness and responses to future pandemics are important to consider, ensuring that response efforts are not hindered in the event of a pandemic. Jun 30, · Ethical issues are difficult, but understanding the law and creating -- and implementing -- an ethics guide can help avoid issues.
Recent ethical scandals in business (Colvin, , Mehta, , Revell, ) have raised important questions about the role of leadership in shaping ethical regardbouddhiste.com employees look outside themselves to significant others for ethical guidance (Kohlberg, , Treviño, ).Therefore, in the workplace, leaders should be a central source of such guidance.
Disclaimer Although this resource will be helpful in understanding privacy and confidentiality issues in research, it should not be considered legal advice.