Robert schumann

Early life[ edit ] Robert Schuman's birthplace in Clausena suburb of Luxembourg City Schuman was born in Junein Clausen, Luxembourghaving his father's then German nationality. His father, Jean-Pierre Schuman d.

Robert schumann

Robert Schumann, like Mendelssohn and Mozart, wrote his symphonies at an age when most longer-lived composers, are just beginning to mature and wrote only a few truly great ones. After four years at a private school, the boy entered the Zwickau Gymnasium high school in and remained there for eight years.

He began his musical education at the age of six, studying the piano. In he came under the musical influence of the Austrian composer Franz Schubert and Robert schumann literary influence of the German poet Jean Paul Richterand in the same year he composed some songs.

Robert schumann

In Schumann left school and, under family pressure, reluctantly entered the University of Leipzig as a law student. But at Leipzig his time was devoted not to the law but to song compositionimprovisation at the piano, and attempts to write novels.

In the summer of he left Leipzig for Heidelberg. There he composed waltzes in the style of Franz Schubert, afterward used in his piano cycle Papillons Opus 2; —31and practiced industriously Robert schumann a view to abandoning law and becoming a virtuoso pianist—with the result that his mother agreed to allow him to return to Leipzig in October to study for a trial period with Wieck, who thought highly of his talent but doubted his stability and capacity for hard work.

An accident to one of the fingers of his right hand, which put an end to his hopes of a career as a virtuoso, was perhaps not an unmitigated misfortune, since it confined him to composition. For Schumann, this was a period of prolific composition in piano pieces, which were published either at once or, in revised forms, later.

In Schumann had become engaged to Ernestine von Fricken, but long before the engagement was formally broken off Jan. Clara returned his kisses but obeyed her father when he ordered her to break off the relationship.

Robert and Clara Schumann, lithograph by J.

The early years

Hofelich The Bettmann Archive The mature years Schumann had by now entered upon one of his most fertile creative periods, producing a series of imaginative works for piano.

Schumann wrote most of Faschingsschwank while on a visit to Viennaduring which he unearthed a number of manuscripts by Franz Schubert, including that of the Symphony in C Major The Great. In Schumann returned to a field he had neglected for nearly 12 years, that of the solo song; in the space of 11 months February—December he composed nearly all the songs on which much of his reputation rests: Clara had been pressing him to widen his scope, to launch out in other media—above all, the orchestra.

Now in January—February he composed the Symphony No. After this the orchestral impulse was temporarily spent. In another new departure, Schumann in wrote several chamber works, the finest being the Piano Quintet in E-flat Major.

He made his debut as a conductor—a role in which he was invariably ineffective—with its first performance in December of that year.

The mature years

The first few months of were spent on a concert tour of Russia with Clara, which depressed Schumann by making him conscious of his inferior role. On returning to Leipzig he resigned the editorship of the Neue Zeitschrift. In the autumn of his work was interrupted by a serious nervous collapse.

From late to he and Clara lived in Dresdenwhere his health was gradually restored. In he began another symphony, No. He had contemplated suicide on at least three occasions in the s, and from the mids on he suffered periodic attacks of severe depression and nervous exhaustion.

His musical powers had also declined by the late s, though some of his works still display flashes of his former genius. By a general deterioration of his nervous system was becoming apparent.

On February 26 he asked to be taken to a lunatic asylum, and the next day he attempted suicide by drowning. On March 4 he was removed to a private asylum at Endenich, near Bonn, where he lived for nearly two and a half years, able to correspond for a time with Clara and his friends.

He died there in Legacy As a composer Schumann was first and most naturally a miniaturist. Until after his marriage the great bulk of his work—including that by which he is best known—consisted of short piano pieces and songs, two genres so closely related in his case as to be hardly more than two facets of the same.

The song accompaniments are often almost self-sufficient piano pieces, and the piano pieces often seem to have been melodically inspired by lyrical poems.Sep 03,  · Robert Schumann - "Traumerei/Reverie" played by Gionex.

This feature is not available right now. Please try again later. Robert Schumann was a German composer of the Romantic period famed for his concertos, symphonies, chamber works, lieder, and piano music. Read Full Biography.

Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Robert Schuman (French: [ʁɔbɛʁ ʃuman]; 29 June – 4 September ) was a Luxembourg-born French regardbouddhiste.comn was a Christian Democrat and an independent political thinker and Prime Minister of France, a reformist Minister of Finance and a Foreign Minister, he was instrumental in building post-war European and trans-Atlantic institutions and.

Robert Schumann, Leonard Bernstein, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra - Schumann: 4 Symphonies - Music.

Robert Schumann (Zwickau, 8 juin – Endenich — aujourd'hui un quartier de Bonn, 29 juillet ) est un compositeur musique s'inscrit dans le mouvement romantique qui domine au début du XIX e siècle, une Europe en pleine mutation.

Compositeur littéraire par excellence, Schumann et sa musique illustrent une . Robert Alexander Schumann (Zwickau, 8 de junho de — Endenich, Bona, 29 de julho de ) foi um compositor alemão.

[1] Era casado com a pianista (e também compositora) Clara Schumann.

Category:Schumann, Robert - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music